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Jupiter Short Facts
Jupiter Sign/Name
Jupiter Pictures
More Jupiter Pictures
Missions to Jupiter
   -  Pioneer 10
   -  Pioneer 11
   -  Voyager
   -  Galileo
   -  Ulysses
   -  Cassini
   -  Europa Orbiter
Jupiter Moons
   -  Metis
   -  Adrastea
   -  Amalthea
   -  Thebe
   -  Io
   -  Europa
   -  Ganymede
   -  Callisto
   -  Themisto
   -  Leda
   -  Himalia
   -  Lysithea
Jupiter Summary


Pioneer 10| Pioneer 11| Voyager 1, Voyager 2| Galileo| Ulysses| Cassini

Pioneer 10 Mission to Jupiter!

Pioneer 10

Launch date: March 2, 1972

Pioneer 10 was the first spacecraft to pass through the Asteroid Belt and explore the outer solar system. When the spacecraft arrived at Jupiter on December 3, 1973, it flew within 200,000 kilometers (124,000 miles) of the Jovian cloud tops. Scientists were surprised at the tremendous radiation levels experienced by the spacecraft as it past the gas giant planet. Pioneer 10 studied Jupiter's magnetic field and atmosphere while it took the first close-up pictures of the planet. Once past Jupiter, the spacecraft headed out of the solar system. Routine communication with Pioneer 10 ended on March 31, 1997 (because of budget cuts), but the spacecraft is still functioning and controllers occasionally check in with it as it heads in the general direction of Aldebaran, the red giant star in the constellation of Taurus. At its current speed, it would take about 2 million years to get to Aldebaran. The last contact with the spacecraft was on April 28, 2001.

***Pioneer 10
***Pioneer 11
***Europa Orbiter - NASA - 2008

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